The textile industry is among the top ten most polluting industries in the world and the conventional woollen industry contributes to this. Most conventional wollen products are no longer "natural" having been treated by one or some of the following processes: alkaline baths to remove dirt and grease, acid baths to remove vegetable matter, anti-shrink for machine washing, bleaching, dying, moth proofing and possibly flame proofing; as well as often being blended with man made fibres. There is growing evidence to show that some of the chemicals used in the treatment of wool are harmful to health and the environment and many people who think they are "allergic" to wool may, in fact, be reacting to the chemicals in the wool.
What is Organic Farming?
Organic farming is a way of producing safe food and textiles from healthy plants and animals, in a healthy, natural environment. It strives to minimise pollution in any form by avoiding the use of artificial chemicals wherever possible – artificial herbicides and fungicides are prohibited as are organo –phosphate dips and Genetically Modified Organisms.
Healthy fertile soil is built up by resting the fields after harvesting and growing clover to restore the health of the soil. The soil is enriched by the spreading of farm manure and compost and trees and hedges are planted to provide homes for the birds, bats and beetles which will, in turn, feed on insect pests which would otherwise damage crops. Because no chemicals are used there are no poisons to pollute the water, soil and food chain.
How does Bedz 4 zzzz keep track of its wool? British organic wool is unique in that every skein of wool is traced back to the farm it came from and its shearing date. From the farm (where every sheet is labelled), every process at the factory is tacked and labelled. Once in the skein, every skein is labelled with the name of the farm it orginated from the date shearing.
Cashmere is the wool for fur of the Kashmir goat. Kashmir goats are primarily raised in Mongolia, but many are bred in Iran, Tibet, India and China. American herders have also joined the international cashmere production market in recent years. The fibres are highly adaptable and are easily transformed into fine or thick yarns, and light to heavyweight fabrics. The high moisture content allows insulation properties to change with the relative humidity in the air. Used as a comfort layer, because off its fluffiness, softness, ventilation and moisture regulation which is most important, these are placed right underneath the ticking of mattress.
Origins of Silk: A group of ribbons and threads and woven fragments dated about 3000 BC have been found in the Zhejiang province of China. More recent archeological finds include a small ivory cup carved with a silkworm design and thought to be 6000 to 7000 years old with spinning tools, silk thread and fabric fragments from sites along the lower Yangzi River reveal the origins of sericulture to be even earlier.
The silkworm: There are many indigenous varieties of wild silk moths found in a number of different countries, however the key to understanding the great mystery and magic of silk and Chinas domination of its production lies with one species, the blind, flightless moth, Bombyx mori. It lays 500 or more eggs in four to six days and dies soon after. The eggs are like pinpoints, one hundred of them weighs only one gram. From one ounce of eggs come about 30,000 worms which eat a ton of mulberry leaves and produce twelve pounds of raw silk during their life time.
When compared to other fabrics, silk is considered ……
- The most luxurious fabric
- The most comfortable fabric
- The most absorbent of fabrics (equal to wool)
- The best fabric for drape
- The best fabric for colour
- Capable of the greatest luster
- Soil resistant
- Moth and mildew resistant
- The strongest natural fabric
- Cool in Summer
- Warm in Winter
Coco fibre is collected from the coconut husk. Once transformed into sheets, it is used in our products, providing excellent ventilation. The sheets can be sprayed with natural latex to provide both rigidity and elasticity. The sheets can also be needled to enhance ventilation and resilience.
The coir fibre is very tough. It is elastic and strong, and it hardly deteriorates at all over time. The fibre provides good temperature management (for insulation and mattresses) and sound/wave absorption (sound insulation and microwave absorption). It is hygroscopic and so it binds excess room humidity.
Cattle hair is very resilient by nature and has fantastic ventilating properties. The hollow fibre transports humidity away from the body and ensures a comfortable micro-climate. Cattle hair is used by the top-quality bedding manufacturers and upholsterers to provide their products with greater durability and comfort. These manufacturers use hair in both divans and mattresses with traditional ‘hand-made’ production techniques. This type of hair is extensively used by all the premium-quality manufacturers in the UK and Europe.
Horse hair is very resilient by nature and has fantastic ventilating properties. The hollow fibre transports humidity away from the body and ensures a comfortable micro-climate. Horse-Tail-hair is very special in this respect. This is the strongest, longest and most coarse fibre. It has an very open core. Through the capillary action of the core and the scales on the surface it creates an excellent media to transport humidity. Horsehair is used by the top-quality bedding manufacturers and upholsterers to provide their products with greater durability and comfort. This type of hair is extensively used by all the premium-quality manufacturers in the UK and Europe.
What is latex? ; Juice from the rubber tree, In our production we use natural latex as a binder and resilience enhancer in our rubberised and needled products. The 100% pure natural latex requires a minimum of vulcanizing agents. This is one of the secrets to the unsurpassed resilience and durability of our rubberized products. This material feels extremely soft and supportive. It helps to relieve pressure points. It is antimicrobial, and resists mould and dust mites. Natural latex is a natural renewable material. 100% pure natural latex is inherently hypo-allergenic, anti-microbial and dust-mite-resistant, making it perfect for allergy sufferers.
10 Reasons for choosing Latex
Outstanding elasticity Anti-fungal and hygienic
Excellent body support Certified quality
No Irritating noise Outperforming logistical processes
Long-Lasting Self-Ventilating and moisture regulating
Care for our workers Respect for the enviroment
To make the fibre resilient and to make it possible to create very open and ventilating structures, it is spun turning the fibres into ropes. These ropes are transformed into sheets and then sprayed with natural latex, juice from the rubber tree, to provide structure and elasticity. The latex that we spray on the coir sheet is inherently hypo-allergenic, anti-microbial and dust-mite-resistant, making it perfect for allergy sufferers. The spun natural fibres are shaped into a fleece and sprayed with latex as part of the production process. The latex binds the curled fibres which are then pressed and vulcanised in several layers into resilient Coirtex™ sheets.
Latex comes from the Hevea Brasiliensis, or the rubber tree, it is the most naturally durable cushioning material available. So while it might cost a little more initially, only latex will provide you with the perfect balance of comfort and support for years to come. Rubbber for vulcanising. The vulcanising process itself consumes energy. After their useful life, rubber products end up on landfills or in incinerators. A lot of energy is recovered in the incinerator. Natural rubber decomposes on a landfill, leaving some traces of chemicals behind. Synthetic rubbers will not decompose.